The security service companies in China are basically formed by public security organs. To some extent, they have formed an abnormal phenomenon that they supervise themselves and supervise themselves. The supervision of public security organs on their own security service companies can only stay in theory, but can not achieve real supervision. The relationship between public security organs and security service companies also restricts the real development of security service industry to market-oriented operation. Too much control and too much death lead to a healthy development of the security service industry in accordance with the laws of market economy and make it in an awkward situation of dilemma.
In the countries with more developed security services, the security industry in Singapore is divided into two systems, the business security company and the private security company, of which the nature of the business security company belongs to the auxiliary police, the senior staff members are appointed by the Ministry of the interior, the employees are equipped with weapons and the rank of the rank of the police, which belongs to the official nature, and the private security public. The security guards of the division shall not be equipped with police equipment, and can only engage in security consulting, civil air defense and defense and other businesses. In addition to Singapore, most other countries have explicitly stipulated the privatization of the security service industry. For example, in Germany, the security services law and the security law stipulate that the security service enterprise belongs to the private enterprise, the state does not interfere with the security service company too much, and specifies the qualifications of the security service companies and the security practitioners, the license examination, the training and assessment of personnel, the procedures and the weapons. The key to the supervision of the management department is whether the use of the weapon is legally reported, whether the security clerk is lawful, and whether the security service records are kept in accordance with the law, which makes the security service company have a great degree of freedom of operation.
In order to prevent the unfair competition of the country from participating in the security operation, the government forbids the government to invest in the security service industry, and the civil servants are not allowed to invest or dabble in the security services. There are many forms of security service enterprises in the United States. Personal ownership, cooperative system and corporate corporate system are omniscient. Especially in the dominant position of Limited by Share Ltd, enterprises can carry on large scale financing through the issuance of stock and securities. Foreign security service enterprises are independent corporate entities, self - profit and loss, self - restraint, self - development, independent legal entity and market competition subject, which is beneficial to mobilize the enthusiasm of business operators and employees.
It can be seen that most of the security service industries in the country carry out business with the behavior of enterprises, and take the pure marketization way. Enterprises do business within the framework of the relevant laws and regulations formulated by the state and the government without fear of excessive administrative intervention.
The security service industry in China should learn from foreign more scientific and reasonable industry management mechanism, correctly handle the relationship between public security organs and security service enterprises, and gradually establish the supervision and guidance system of public security organs to security service enterprises. As the first security service regulation in China, the security service regulation (hereinafter referred to as the regulations), which was implemented in January 1, 2010, has clearly defined the relationship between the public security organs and the security service enterprises and the security service activities, that is, "the Public Security Department of the State Council is responsible for the supervision and management of the security service activities of the whole country." The public security organs of the local people's governments at or above the county level shall be responsible for the supervision and administration of the security service activities in their respective administrative areas. " The current security service companies can only be adjusted by the policies of the public security agencies, and the public security organs are transferred from the security service companies to the supervision and security services. The operating activities of the security service enterprises will be operated independently under the supervision and supervision of the public security organs, and the separation of government and enterprises will be realized, and the management system of the security service industry will be further straightened out.
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